Driving in EU
DIRECTIVE (EU) 2015/413 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 11 March 2015 facilitating cross-border exchange of information on road-safety-related traffic offences.
Improving road safety is a prime objective of the Union's transport policy. An important element of that policy is the consistent enforcement of sanctions for road traffic offences committed in any of the EU Member States which considerably jeopardise road safety.
In order to ensure equal treatment of drivers, namely resident and non-resident offenders in a Member State, the Directive puts in place a system of cross-border exchange of information for eight types of road-safety-related traffic offences, regardless of their administrative or criminal nature, granting the Member State of the offence access to vehicle registration data (VRD) of the Member State of registration.
This Directive applies to the following road-safety-related traffic offences:
2. Failing to use a seat-belt.
3. Failing to stop at a red traffic light.
5. Driving while under the influence of drugs (presence of drugs in one's body).
6. Failing to wear a safety helmet.
7. The use of a forbidden lane.
8. Illegally using a mobile telephone or any other communication devices while driving.
In accordance with this Directive, each Member State shall designate a National Contact Point as the competent authority for the exchange of data relating to vehicles and relating to owners or holders of the vehicle. The Spanish National Contact Point shall be the Directorate-General for Traffic.
The applicable traffic legislation shall be the law of the Member State of the offence. Where the Member State of the offence decides to initiate follow-up proceedings in relation to the road-safety- related traffic offence, an information letter will be sent to the owner, the holder of the vehicle or to the otherwise identified person suspected of committing the road-safety-related traffic offence including the nature of this road-safety-related traffic offence, the place, date and time of the offence, the title of the texts of the national law infringed and the sanction, among others.